Publications

R. Schindler

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Synchrotron-based investigations into metallic impurity distribution and defect engineering in multicrystalline silicon via thermal treatments

T. Buonassisi, A.A. Istratov, M.A. Marcus, S. Peters, C. Ballif, M. Heuer, T.F. Ciszek, Z. Cai, B. Lai, R. Schindler, and E.R. Weber
Proc. 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Lake Buena Vista, USA; pp.1027–1030 (2005)
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Impact of iron contamination in multicrystalline silicon solar cells: Origins, chemical states, and device impacts

T. Buonassisi, M. Heuer, A.A. Istratov, M.A. Marcus, R. Jonczyk, B. Lai, Z. Cai, J. Isenberg, W. Warta, R. Schindler, and E.R. Weber
Proc. 19th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Paris, France; pp.488–491 (2004)
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Application of x-ray synchrotron techniques to the characterization of the chemical nature and recombination activity of grown-in and process-induced defects and impurities in solar cells

T. Buonassisi, O.F. Vyvenko, A.A. Istratov, E.R. Weber, and R. Schindler
MRS Symposium Proceedings 719, 179 (2002)
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Differences and similarities between metal clusters in mc-Si materials from different manufacturers

T. Buonassisi, A.A. Istratov, T.F. Ciszek, D.W. Cunningham, A.M. Gabor, R. Jonczyk, R. Schindler, M. Sheoran, A. Upadhyaya, A. Rohatgi, B. Lai, Z. Cai, M.A. Marcus, and E.R. Weber

Proc. 14th workshop on crystalline silicon solar cell materials and processes, B. L. Sopori, Editor, NREL, Winter Park, CO, pp.226-229 (2004).

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Neutron activation analysis study of metal content of multicrystalline silicon for cost-efficient solar cells

A.A. Istratov, T. Buonassisi, R.J. McDonald, A.R. Smith, R. Schindler, J.A. Rand, J.P. Kalejs, and E.R. Weber

Proc. 13th workshop on crystalline silicon solar cell materials and processes, B. L. Sopori, Editor, NREL, Vail, CO, pp.158-161 (2003).

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Statistically meaningful data on the chemical state of iron precipitates in processed multicrystalline silicon using synchrotron-based x-ray absorption spectroscopy

T. Buonassisi, M. Heuer, A.A. Istratov, E.R. Weber, Z. Cai, B. Lai, M.A. Marcus, J. Lu, G.A. Rozgony, R. Schindler, R. Jonczyk, and J. Rand

Proc. 13th workshop on crystalline silicon solar cell materials and processes, B. L. Sopori, Editor, NREL, Vail, CO, pp.96-101 (2003).

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Impact of metal impurities on solar cell performance

A.A. Istratov, T. Buonassisi, E.R. Weber, R.J. McDonald, A.R. Smith, R. Schindler, J. Isenberg, J.P. Kalejs, J. Rand, P.Geiger, G. Hahn, J. Rakotoniaina, and O. Breitenstein

Proc. 2003 National Center for Photovoltaics Review Meeting, Denver, USA (2003).
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Analysis of shunts in multicrystalline silicon solar cells using microprobe x-ray fluorescence technique

T. Buonassisi, O.F. Vyvenko, A.A. Istratov, E.R. Weber, R. Schindler, and G. Hahn

Proc. 12th workshop on crystalline silicon solar cell materials and processes, B. L. Sopori, Editor, NREL, Breckenridge, CO, pp.266-270 (2002).

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Application of x-ray fluorescence microprobe technique for the analysis of fully processed solar cells

O.F. Vyvenko, A.A. Istratov, T. Buonassisi, E.R. Weber, and R. Schindler

Proc. 11th workshop on crystalline silicon solar cell materials and processes, B. L. Sopori, Editor, NREL, Golden, CO, pp.172-176 (2001).